BHASL003C19: Advanced Diploma in Illumination Engineering

Curriculum

MODULE 1: Introduction: Nature of light, radiation, visible spectrum, production of the visible spectrum, the prism spectroscope, spectra of common light sources, spectral energy distribution diagrams, energy distribution diagrams, colour of light, polarisation, production and absorption of polarised light, polarisation of reflection, uses of polarisation.

MODULE 2: Production of Light: Forms of luminesence: 1.  Thermo-luminesence; 2. Electro-luminesence; 3.  Photo-luminesence; 4. Chemi-luminesence.

MODULE 3: Controlling Light: Absorption, transmission, reflection, factors of each, refraction, critical angle and total internal reflection, refraction by parallel-sided blocks and by prisms.

MODULE 4: Colour: Visible spectrum, colour mixing, colour rendition of light sources, colour matching, colour specification.

MODULE 5: Light and the Eye & The Phenomenon of Vision: Structure of the eye, defects of vision, accommodation, fixation, contrast, sensitivity, visibility curve, Purkinje effect, Adaptation, persistence of vision, glare, visual acuity, fatigue, contrast, speed of vision.

MODULE 6: Fundamental Photometry: Intensity Distribution Diagrams, Calculations: Photometric concepts, photometric definitions and units, relationship between units, photometric terms, primary standard of light, photometric laws, Classification of intensity distribution, polar curves, iso-candela diagrams, light flux calculations.

MODULE 7: Illumination Calculations: Point, line and surface sources, illumination diagrams.

MODULE 8: Photometry including the Integrating Sphere and the Goniophotometer: Basis of visual photometry, bench photometry, sub-standard lamps, photometer heads, screening, methods of use and measurement, calibration, measuring instruments.

MODULE 9: Incandescent Lamps: Types, construction, light and electrical qualities, luminance, effects of voltage variations.

MODULE 10: Discharge Lamps: Fluorescent tubes, construction, circuitry, operating conditions, effects of voltage variations; Basic theory, mercury vapour lamps, construction, circuitry, operating conditions, effects of voltage variations. Low pressure sodium lamps, construction, circuitry, operating conditions, effects of voltage variations; High pressure sodium lamps, construction, circuitry, operating conditions, effects of voltage variations; Metal halide lamps, construction, circuitry, operating conditions, effects of voltage variations.

MODULE 11: Daylight: Nature and variation factors in a room, specifications, recordings, determination of daylight and sky factors.

MODULE 12: LED: Introduction to LEDs: LED fundamentals, reliability of LEDs and LED luminaire reliability, important aspects affecting LED performance and lifespan, international standards and testing methodology.

MODULE 13: Lighting Materials: Methods of light control, absorbing materials, reflecting materials, refracting materials, luminaire construction.

MODULE 14: Standards and Compliance: SANS 204, SANS 10114, SANS 10400 and OHS, Act 85 of 1993.

MODULE 15: Interior Lighting Applications: Task analysis, design methods, average illumination, point-by-point calculations, light distributions, direct vs indirect lighting, lighting levels (SANS, OSHA and other), uniformity, glare calculations, Office, commercial, industrial, education, domestic, geriatric care, health care, lighting for hazardous environments, display, visual display units.  The manual consists of 6 volumes, each dealing with specific applications in detail.

MODULE 16: Exterior Lighting: Street lighting, SABS 095, arterial routes, pedestrian and residential areas, Floodlighting for sports, work areas, security, decorative floodlighting, parks, statues, water features.

MODULE 17: Over-Illumination: Definition, historical evolution of over-illumination practise, examples of over-illumination, guidelines to correct over-illumination in existing installations.

MODULE 18: Light Pollution: Definition, historical evolution of light pollution practise, examples of light pollution, guidelines to correct light pollution in existing installations and good practice and considerations in outdoor lighting.

MODULE 19: The Fourth Industrial Revolution: The various past “revolutions” will be examined so that they can be placed in the development periods then the precise meaning and interpretation of the Fourth Industrial Revolution will be examined to identify how lighting will not only be affected but more specifically to examine the roles that it will play.

MODULE 20: The Internet of Things (IoT): This fascinating subject will be examined in order to understand how and where lighting plays a role.  You will be astounded to discover how long this has been happening for and how far this technology and specifically lighting in the world of IoT has come.

MODULE 21: Power over Ethernet (PoE): In this module students will learn what about the technology, the components in the architecture of the system, the types of Ethernet cable and their limitations for lighting, the benefits of PoE including installation costs and much more.

MODULE 22: Visible Light Communication (VLC): Students will learn about the different systems that can be used in this module which include Bluetooth, Wi-Fi, Li-Fi, the system architecture, smart device applications and various applications which would benefit from using VLC and more.

MODULE 23: Indoor Positioning Systems (IPS): Students will learn about the system architecture which includes Bluetooth Beacons, Radio Frequency Identity (RFID) tagging, smart device applications and the various applications which would benefit from using IPS and more.

MODULE 24: Bluetooth Mesh: This amazing relatively new system (only conceived in 2015 and first adopted on 13 July 2017 and only started to take-off in 2018).  Learn what Bluetooth mesh is, how it can be used with lighting, how to install the technology, what is required in the luminaires, smart device applications to set up the system, how entire multi-storey buildings AND neighbouring buildings owned or occupied by the same company or organisation can all use the same single system.

MODULE 25: Lighting Control Systems: These will include DALI, DALI 2, DMX 512, KNX, LONWORKS, and of Course Bluetooth Mesh (BM).  Students will learn about each system, the benefits and limitations, how best to implement the system within the lighting design, when and how the system can or cannot be used for other essential system controls within the building as a whole.

MODULE 26: Human-Centric Lighting (HCL): What is human centric lighting, how can it benefit the occupants and the operators of the location?  How HCL can be used in hospitals, geriatric care facilities, education and the work place.

MODULE 27: Lighting Design Philosophy and Systematic route to Best Lighting Practice: Guidelines and systems evolved from years of practical experience.

MODULE 28: Part 1: Lighting Design Software: First Revision of manual calculation methods includes those learnt in Module 7 and additional new methods.  Students will prepare a lighting design for an entire shopping centre using manual lighting calculations.

MODULE 28: Part 2: Computer-aided Lighting Design: Includes the pitfalls and blind acceptance of Results

MODULE 28: Part 3: Practical Lighting Design using Relux Pro:  This module consists of 3 “Day” sets of exercises for indoor applications and 1 “Day” exercise which is entirely exterior applications including street, flood lighting, parking areas and more.  Even seasoned professional users have been astounded at the new heights that they have attained after completing this course. The training manuals (not standard manuals which are available online) were especially developed and written by RELUX Switzerland for our use.

MODULE 28: Part 4: AutoCAD, BIM and a brief look at Dialux and Dialux EVO.

MODULE 28: Part 5: RELUX Desktop: In this module you will be introduced to Relux Desktop, learn how to incorporate IES TM-24-13 into your Relux lighting designs, and you will be challenged with some advanced lighting designs both in the interior and exterior spaces.

MODULE 29: Economics: Lighting energy audits, cost analysis, capital, installation, maintenance, energy, interest, assessments.

MODULE 30: My parting gift to graduates.

END OF COURSE CURRICULUM

AT THE END OF EACH YEAR, IN THE TWELFTH MONTH OF THE STUDY YEAR OF THE INDIVIDUAL STUDENT, BOTH THEORETICAL AND PRACTICAL EXAMINATIONS ARE WRITTEN. THE DURATION OF EACH OF THE TWO THEORETICAL EXAMINATIONS, IS 4 HOURS EACH. THE DURATION OF THE PRACTICAL EXAMINATION IS 5 HOURS.

IN SECOND YEAR, STUDENTS ARE REQUIRED TO COMPLETE THREE SPECIAL ASSIGNMENTS WHICH STUDENTS CAN ACCESS AT THE BEGINNING OF SECOND YEAR. STUDENTS ARE REQUIRED TO DO THEIR OWN RESEARCH AND SUBMIT THE ASSIGNMENTS FOR MARKING WHICH COUNTS SIGNIFICANTLY TOWARDS THEIR FINAL SECOND YEAR MARKS, BEFORE THE END OF THEIR ELEVENTH STUDY MONTH. THE DURATION OF EACH IF THE TWO THEORETICAL EXAMINATIONS, IS 5 HOURS EACH. THE DURATION OF EACH OF THE TWO PRACTICAL EXAMINATIONS IS 8 HOURS EACH.